The innovation engine for new materials

High-performance materials for extreme environments: Controlling interstitials and processing approaches

Seminar Group: 


Ravit Silverstein, PhD


Materials Dept.
UC Santa Barbara


Friday, October 28, 2022 - 11:00am


ESB 1001


Materials Student Association

Grand societal challenges have emphasized the need to develop novel thermostructural materials for environmental and sustainable engineering systems. Among the class of structural materials, SiC-based ceramic matrix composites (CMCs) and refractory multi-principal elements (RMPEs) are attracting attention as promising advanced materials for high-temperature applications. However, processing challenges and sensitivity to interstitial elements pose difficulties in reaching their ultimate performance. This presentation will cover two research areas, the first focusing on the fundamentals of processing in SiC-CMCs, and the second focusing on structural instabilities in RMPEs in the presence of interstitial elements.

The first part of the presentation will discuss the key challenges of fabricating robust SiC matrices caused by the hindrance to wetting of C surfaces by the Si melt. This work explores the kinetics of infiltration from a hybrid approach combining a gas phase treatment and subsequent melt exposure. The preconditioning approach, using Si vapor of C surfaces, is shown to mitigate reactive wetting with a controlled infiltration rate, hinder reaction chocking, and ultimately achieving robust SiC matrices. A variant of the fabrication approach involves using Si-rich alloys as they can capture residual Si in the form of a high-temperature silicide. This section will focus on in-situ heating TEM investigations to study the reaction products developed during the melt exposure reaction and their thermodynamic stability.

The second part of the presentation will focus on effects of dilute concentration of interstitial elements (≤1at%) in refractory equimolar Ti-Nb alloys, which are intended to provide insight into the potential underlying mechanisms of interstitials-induced phase transformation in higher-order RMPEs. This work will look into the transformation pathways between the parent BCC phase and the product structures and provide insights into the preferred interstitial environments.

To conclude, I will discuss how these phase transformation paths can be applied to pursue further developments in advancing engineering materials.